Monday, November 9, 2015
" Beauty serves merely as a guide to birds and beasts , in order that the fruit may be devoured and the manured seeds disseminated. Several plants habitually produce two kinds of flowers: one kind open and colored so as to attract insects; the other closed, destitute of nectar, and never visited by insects. Hence we may conclude that, if insects had not been developed on the face of earth, our plants would not have been decked with beautiful flowers but would have produced only such poor flowers as we see on fir, oak, nut and ash trees, on grasses, spinach, docks and nettles, which are all fertilized through the agency of wind."--Charles Darwin, 'Utilatarian Doctrine, how far true: Beauty, how acquired', The Origin of Species.